There are three types of knowledge;
– There are the things you know. Like I need to breathe to survive. Don’t touch the stove if it’s ‘On’ or it will burn me. When I’m thirsty I should drink water and Stuff like that.
– Then, there are the things you don’t know. For me, I don’t know how to fly a plane, how to disarm a bomb. To this day, I’m still not 100% sure if you can suck the venom out of a snakebite or not. I know I don’t know how to code. These are among the things that I know I don’t know.
– But the worst part isn’t what I know I don’t know. It’s what I don’t know that I don’t know. It’s something completely out there that I’ve never heard of or seen before. Think about it like the first man to come across a venomous snake. He probably didn’t know that if the little snake bit him then he would die. This is the category of things that can kill you. With that being said… here are some facts to fill in the blank space of things you didn’t know that you didn’t know.
- In a cold environment wet clothes will kill you faster than the cold.
- Eating snow for hydration should be a last resort as your body has to use more energy to transfer matter to another state, which could lead to further dehydration and energy loss.
Also, if the snow has been on the ground for a significant period of time it could contain bacteria and other organisms that can make you sick. Always try to melt snow before you consume it. If the snow is not white & fresh, stay away from it or at least make sure you purify and treat it as you would any other suspect water (after you melt it).
- In the wilderness you should walk downhill. Water flows down hill and most populations will be set up around where the water is pooled up into a source, and after, say, 10-20 hours, you’ll reach some form of civilization.
Following water has the second advantage of helping to keep you hydrated. If you’re lost in the wilderness for more than a day, you’re going to want to drink. Humans can’t live more than three days without water, and this 72-hour count drops rapidly the more you perspire and sweat. If at all physically possible, disinfect the water before you drink it. Certainly do not drink the water without purifying it if you’re only mildly thirsty, as it will likely make you more sick than the hydration is worth, but if worst comes to worst and you simply cannot go on without drinking, at least the water will be readily available for consumption.
- High-Carbon steel can be used to strike sparks off of flint and start a fire.
- Dryer lint is very flammable and can help you start a fire in the wilderness and paradoxically burn your house down if you don’t clean your lint trap.
Rule of 3: You can go approximately 3 minutes without air, 3 hours without shelter in extreme environments, 3 days without water, and 3 weeks without food before death.
- The best way to put out a fire is to deprive it of oxygen. The combustion triangle says you need oxygen, heat, and fuel for a fire.
- Fire is a great way to seal and clean a wound if not the most pleasant.
- If you’ve been stabbed or impaled by an object, leave it in. The object will most likely be preventing you from bleeding out.
- If you’re bleeding out you can make a tourniquet from a belt, rope, cord, etc. Make sure you place the tourniquet as close to the heart on the limb as you can. For example, bleeding out from the arm would mean to place a tourniquet just below the deltoids in the armpit.
- If you’re dragged into a rip-current, swim parallel to the shore to get outside of the rip-current. You will tire slower this way and possibly prevent drowning.
- 112 is the international form of 911 in most places. Also, some phones can dial 911 without a sim card.
- To avoid the bystander affect, call out to people specifically and give them orders. This will spur people into action.
- Don’t shit where you eat and sleep. It can attract animals and also lead to sickness and infection.
- In the wilderness (and even at home) you should keep your food away from where you sleep so as not to attract unwanted critters.
- Always keep a knife on you. You never know what could happen that could throw you into a Hatchet scenario. You can make shelter, traps, and defend yourself with a knife.
- Keep a lighter easily accessible if you’re going into the wilderness. You never know when a fire might save your life from the cold or be a tool to signal for rescue.
- Poisonous snakes will have slit-like eyes similar to that of a cat instead of rounded ones. If you hear rattling, run. Rattlesnakes have very impressive striking distances.Chugging water too fast can kill you.
- Drowning is a leading cause of unintentional death. Know what you’re getting yourself into when you find a body of water.
- The tiniest scratch can kill you if it gets infected. Keep wounds clean.
- Never mix bleach with ammonia.
- The chemicals will become deadly.
- And last but not least, I thought I’d throw a funny one in. Ladies, don’t let anyone blow air into your vagina! This may seem self-explanatory, but it can cause a fatal air embolism.
I hope you learned something new today from this compilation I made. There’s a lot of stuff out there that can harm you, but if you run into one of these situations, I hope this post helps you live to fight another day. If you have more tips, please put them in the comments section.